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A writing intention is a communication intention. Your text will be structured according to the objective you are pursuing.

 The question the assignment or exam asks you to answer already involves an orientation. The analysis of the question helps to clarify this orientation. Although writing intentions can be diverse, write my essay for me the two forms of text presented here are those most frequently required in academic work.

A text ... can pursue one or the other of two communication intentions: to inform or to defend an idea. The informative text differs from the argumentative text in several ways, the main one being the place left for the author's point of view in the text. (...)

  • In an informative text, the place left for the author's point of view is theoretically zero. Indeed, the author of an informative text is supposed to be objective by not seeking to influence the reader. He thus presents all the facets of a debate without expressing what he thinks about it personally. (...)
  • In the argumentative text, the author must be omnipresent. This time, he seeks to influence the reader. He presents an argument by bringing out the facts to support his main idea. The counter-arguments, which could weaken the defended reasoning, are refuted by appealing to other documented facts, other expertises, or other witnesses. An argumentative research text does not indeed present an unfounded opinion, but a subjective synthesis of documented facts. (...)

The characteristics described above for each type of text are more indicative of the deviations than of the middle positions. Most of the time, an informative text can contain a few argumentative paragraphs since they will often report opposing positions. By reporting these positions, the informative text will develop an argument, but it will not necessarily be that of the author. In the same way, premium essay an argumentative text can translate a subjective reading of an event but cite objective analyzes. However, these analyzes will be used to influence the reader.


University assignments or exams often consist of writing the answer to an essay question, which answer must take the form of one or another of different types of texts. Knowing how to distinguish between types of texts will help you understand what kind of work is required.

The types of texts most generally required by assignments and exams are briefly presented here:

  • the summary
  • the feedback
  • the comment
  • the case study
  • research work
  • Essay
  • the test

It is also important to know that the types of texts to be produced can be considered, in particular, as informative texts or as argumentative texts. These two main categories are a function of writing intentions.

I The summary

The summary consists of condensing and reproducing the thought of a text or a work, to bring out only the essential. When there are several reference texts, we then speak of synthesis in which it is a question of showing the points of resemblance and dissimilarity between the texts.

Here are some guidelines that will help you to make a good summary. They are taken from the text of André-Jacques Deschênes, professor at the Télé-université, summary as understanding and learning strategy, paper presented at the 4 the Annual Congress of the Canadian Association for the Study of Education of adults, Montreal, May 1985, p.4.

  • A summary is a “concise version of a text, consisting of important information” and the relationships that these ideas have with each other.
  • An abstract should not exceed one-third of the original text in length.
  • Usually, the easiest step to get started is to remove pieces of content that stray from the main theme (often in the title) from the text.
  • Often, the introductory or concluding sentences of paragraphs are the most important and alone make for a good summary.
  • When these sentences do not exist, they must be invented from the main idea of ​​the paragraph.
  • We can also, to summarize further, construct sentences that condense two paragraphs.
  • Another way to summarize is to find more general terms to denote lists of items or actions described in enumerations; for example, buy argumentative essay the following list: going to the station, buying a ticket, taking the train, etc. can be condensed by taking a train trip.
  • Headings and subheadings are often good indicators of general themes covered in a text.

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Writing strategies

Academic writing