Posterior Spinal Surgery: A Guide to its Implants

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Posterior Spinal Surgery is a generic word for surgeries performed on the cervical region of the spinal cord.

Posterior Spinal Surgery accounts for the surgical procedures performed on an individual’s spinal cord, specifically the cervical part of the spinal cord, also known as the cervical spine. A human spinal cord involves three main regions, namely the cervical region (neck area), the thoracic region (mid-back area), and the lumbar region (lower back area). The cervical part of the spine consists of seven stacked bones, collectively called the vertebrae. Additionally, the first two vertebrae, called the atlas and the axis of the cervical spinal cord are different from one another. The threats that come for any of these vertebrate(s) call for a posterior spinal surgery.  Any surgery ascribed to the neck arena of the body comes under the category of posterior spinal surgery. 

While Posterior Spinal Surgery is an umbrella term that holds a variety of surgeries within it, the reasons that give rise to posterior spinal surgery are much in alignment with the others. 

Causes for Posterior Spinal Surgery

Posterior Spinal Surgery is a generic word for surgeries performed on the cervical region of the spinal cord and turns out to be a savior under various spinal cord conditions. This spinal surgery answers several disorders and spinal cord conditions, ranging across reasons and diseases. In the subsequent part of this blog, we will address a few reasons that often result in the procedure of embedding posterior spinal implants into the body. 

  1. Tumor Removal- Many times, the accumulation of a tumor(s) in the cervical region of the spinal cord requires the removal of the same for smooth functioning of the body. A tumor in the neck region of the spinal cord will not only affect the efficient operation of the spinal cord but also impact the overall functioning of the body. 
  2. Vertebral fracture– A fracture on the vertebrae of the spinal cord, called vertebroplasty or kyphoplasty requires a posterior spinal surgery to stabilize the vertebrae. The procedure may range from the insertion of posterior spinal implants to the injection of bone cement for providing ulterior support to the spinal cord. 
  3. Cervical Scoliosis- A condition of the cervical spine region that involves an extreme sideways curvature of the spine. In most cases, the cure for this curvature involves the implantation of screws, rods, and other posterior spinal implants. 
  4. Spinal Fusion- A spinal fusion surgery is usually performed to stabilize the spine where two or more vertebrae are put together with one another with the help of spinal implants ranging across screws and rods. 
  5. Infection- The predicament of an accumulating infection in the cervical region of the spinal cord can often lead to malfunctioning of the overall body because of the spinal cord. Therefore, in such situations, posterior spinal surgery is of utmost importance to prevent the growing infection on immediate effect. 

Types of Spinal Implants Used in Posterior Spinal Surgery 

Now that the reasons that raise the necessary need for a posterior spinal surgery have been talked about, let’s shift the focus towards those weapons without which the procedure of spinal surgery remains incomplete, posterior spinal implants. 

  1. Pedicle Screws- These are thread-like structured screws that are typically inserted into the pedicles of a spinal cord. The pedicles of the spinal cord are small bony projections on the vertebrae, and these screws are most commonly used for posterior spinal fusion surgeries, that support and stabilize the vertebral body. 
  2. Interbody Cages- These cages are typical spinal implants inserted between adjacent vertebrae for restoring disc height, decompressing nerve roots, and promoting the efficiency of spinal fusion surgeries as well as implants. The interbody cages as posterior spinal implants are full of bone grafts which further facilitates spinal fusion processes. 
  3. Cervical Plates- An eminent player in posterior spinal surgeries, typically designed cervical plates are implanted to stabilize the vertebrae. These plates are secured with screws and enable spinal fusion processes easily. 
  4. Artificial Discs- In the cervical region of the spinal cord, the implantation of an artificial disc can cure a degenerative or damaged disc. The ultimate aim of the discs is to promote motion and movement in the specified cervical arena of the spinal cord. 
  5. Crosslinks- These are bars/connectors that are typically attached to the rods on either side of the spine. As implants, these crosslinks enhance stability and do not let the said rods move from their point of juncture. Crosslinks are the most common in surgeries that arise due to conditions such as Cervical Scoliosis or Scoliosis. 

Outcome

In modern times when patients do not have any time to spare for medical treatment and healthcare, posterior spinal surgeries with the help of posterior spinal implants in touching new heights. With spinal implants becoming excessively patient-friendly, the success of these surgeries is measured by the relief of symptoms experienced by the patients alongside experiencing the restoration of spinal stability and capabilities to resume day-to-day activities. 

Therefore, in such a scenario, Zealmax Ortho is emerging as a pioneer player in the field of manufacturing premier orthopedic implants. With its wide plethora of spinal implants ranging across spinal screws, cages, and cervical plates, it is not only turning out to be a savior of many but also providing effective solutions to spinal degenerations and disorders. 

The most important aspect to look for in a spinal implant is its availability in different sizes and materials that suit the demands and requirements of individual bodies. Zealmax Ortho understands the need for sustaining individual demands and requirements and hence manufactures implants keeping in mind the growing need for each individual into consideration. 

Conclusion 

The imminent evolution of posterior spinal surgery reflects a recurring commitment toward increasing the chances of patient cure, reducing pain-based mechanisms of treatments, and addressing a wider range of cervical spinal disorders and conditions. As technology, research, and advancements in medical science continue to prosper, further innovations in the field of posterior spinal surgery are more likely to emerge in the future. However, posterior spinal surgery is not a one-size-fits-all solution to every problem related to the cervical spine, it varies according to individual needs and individual decisions in the pertinence to a spinal cord disorder or degeneration.

Zealmax Ortho is guided by a steadfast mission focused on making valuable contributions through research, with an added emphasis on enhancing patient access to top-notch orthopedic care. Recognizing the critical hour where people barely have time to spare, the need for advancements in spinal orthopedics, the growing global demand for minimally invasive procedures, and the call for more efficient implants have come to the surface. Zealmax Ortho not only acknowledges this demand but also positions itself as a key player in the global orthopedic market, offering inventive solutions to address challenges in orthopedic surgeries.

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